Health problems that involve the heart or lungs can steal individuals’ energy and prevent them from enjoying normal activities. A variety of treatments are available to treat these problems and help patients function better in everyday life. Residents of Fulton County can take advantage of a variety of cardiopulmonary services at the Fulton County Medical Center.
When a physician suspects a heart problem, a variety of tests may be done to pinpoint the symptoms and determine the exact structures that may be at fault. These tests may include:
- Electrocardiogram (EKG) -This test provides a visual record of electrical activity in the heart.
- Echocardiogram (ECHO) -This test provides ultrasound readings of different parts of the heart.
- Stress testing – Stress tests provide information on how the heart functions during strenuous activity.
- Holter monitoring, MCOT, and event recording – Holter and MCOT monitoring and event recording can indicate problems with cardiac function.
- Cardioversion – This procedure alters heart rhythm in patients with problems of fast or irregular heart rates.
- Cardiac imaging – Imaging methods such as catheterization, echocardiogram, intravascular ultrasound, CT scans, PET scans and MRI can be used to visually inspect the structures within the heart.
- Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE) – This test uses sound waves to look closely at arteries of the heart to detect blood clots.
- Ankle brachial index – This is a non-invasive test used to determine whether blood vessels in the arms or legs are blocked.
Physicians also use a number of tests to determine the source of breathing problems, which may be caused by asthma, chronic bronchitis or emphysema. These tests may include:
- Arterial blood gas analysis – This test measures the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide carried in the bloodstream.
- Oxygen therapy – Providing oxygen to assist breathing in patients with lung disease
- Pulmonary function testing -This type of diagnostic includes a number of tests that measure how well the lungs are functioning.
- EEG testing – This test measures brain activity and how it affects breathing.
- Smoking cessation – Education on ways to stop smoking to improve lung function
- Bipap/Cpap monitoring – Improving nighttime breathing with the use of bilevel and continuous pressure devices
- Pulmonary disease education – Teaching patients practical methods for living with lung disease
- Emergency treatment – Help for patients who are having current breathing emergencies
If you are having problems related to your heart or lungs, contact the cardiopulmonary services at the Fulton County Medical Center for treatment that will help you to feel better and live more effectively